The Basics of Poker

If you’re new to poker, you’ve likely wondered what the basics of the game are. Here are the Rules and Betting Phases. Also, learn about Straight Flush and other hands that have high value in poker. Then, get started by trying out your luck! Ultimately, you’ll be glad you learned a little bit about this fun card game! Until then, keep reading to learn all you need to know to master this exciting new game!

Basics of playing poker

One of the most popular card games is poker. It is played against other players or against the dealer. Unlike some games, poker is zero-sum and does not have a house edge. There are many different types of poker, and each one has its own rules, strategies, and ways to rank hands. Here are some tips for playing poker. Know how to read a poker hand chart. Identify the odds of winning. Then, determine how much you can win.

Rules

There are certain unwritten rules of poker and it is important to learn about them. Poker etiquette includes things like raising and folding. Following these rules can improve the atmosphere at the table. By learning some of these unwritten rules of poker, you will have a better chance at winning the game. For example, angle shooting is considered unethical and has become a gray area in the game. To avoid this, you should protect your hand.

Betting phases

Different types of hands may require different betting phases. While weak hands may choose to fold, strong hands may call the highest bet or raise it. The first player to act usually places the ante bet and players to his or her left raise bets at the same rate. A player may check before placing a bet or raise only if his or her card is the highest. If you aren’t sure whether to raise or fold, read on to learn more about the different phases of poker betting.

Straight Flush

The Straight Flush is the second-best poker hand, behind the Royal Flush. A straight flush consists of five cards of the same suit, which is usually spades, hearts, or clubs. A flush in poker is a rare hand. A full house, on the other hand, has three or more cards of the same rank. While it is not common, a straight flush can be a powerful poker hand. Here are some of the ways you can use the Straight Flush to improve your chances of winning.

Four of a kind

When a player has four of a kind in poker, the ranking is quite different from that of a Full House. The Four of a Kind ranking is based on rank. In other words, a four of a kind of Jacks beats a pair of queens and a pair of kings. However, different poker variants offer different ways to connect to the community cards. So, it is important to know the differences between the two in order to maximize your odds of winning with a Four of a kind poker hand.

What to Look For in a Sportsbook

sportsbook

When betting on sports, a good online sportsbook will have several key features that you will want to look for. These features include Sign-up bonuses, reload bonuses, parlays, and legality of sports betting in the U.S. This article will cover all of these topics and more. After reading this article, you should be able to decide which sportsbook is the best option for you. There are many different types of sportsbook options, so there is a good chance that you will be able to find something that fits your needs.

Sign-up bonuses

Many people are drawn to join sportsbooks by the sign-up bonuses they offer. These welcome offers are sometimes referred to as sign-up bonuses, welcome bonuses, or initial deposit bonuses, but they all have the same effect: increasing the amount of money a person has to bet before he or she can withdraw the money. Many people enjoy this type of welcome offer, as the maximum amount of bonus is very high. That means more money to bet with.

Reload bonuses

Reload bonuses at sportsbooks are a good way to increase your betting bankroll. They come in a variety of forms. Some offer reload bonuses only on the first deposit of the month, while others will give you a free bet or site credit on each subsequent deposit. The rules for qualifying for a reload bonus vary by site, so check the terms and conditions of the one you’re interested in.

Parlay bets

When betting on sports, parlay bets are an excellent way to maximize your profits and make a lot of money. Parlay bets usually involve betting on three or more teams at once. While parlays may require more research and planning, they can also be profitable if you know what you’re doing. To get started, you can read the following information. You’ll need to know your odds before placing a parlay bet.

Legality of sports betting in the U.S.

In June 2018, the Supreme Court struck down the 1992 Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act, making sports betting legal in every state. Despite the Supreme Court’s ruling, only five states have fully legalized sports betting. Oregon, Delaware, Montana, and Nevada were grandfathered in and have already legalized the sports betting industry. These states already have sports lotteries and have Las Vegas as a gambling center.

Mobile sportsbook apps

If you’re looking to place a bet on a sporting event, you can now do so through mobile sportsbook apps. Most mobile sportsbook apps are available for iOS or Android, but they may have different installation procedures. Additionally, Apple and Google have different policies on sports betting. The following are the steps that you need to take to download mobile sportsbook apps:

Advantages of Playing at a Casino Online

casino online

There are many advantages to playing at a casino online. In this article, we’ll discuss the rules, payment options, and security measures that are available. Before you play, however, be sure to read the Rules and Security Measures to avoid scams and unwanted surprises. Read on to learn more! After all, who doesn’t love to win? After all, it’s no secret that online casinos offer the best odds! So, what is it that makes them so attractive?

Benefits of playing at an online casino

Online casinos have many benefits. Players can play on a variety of devices, such as their desktop or mobile phone. Most don’t require any additional software to play. You don’t have to worry about time restrictions, either; most online casinos are open twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week. There are also no dress codes and no need to wait in line to get a table. Online casino games are quick and easy to play.

Players will also find that playing at an online casino reduces their stress levels significantly. Regular online casino players report lower stress levels, and their brains stay active and alert. Online gambling also helps improve their long-term memory and critical skills, because players must memorize their moves to win. These factors all contribute to the psychological benefits of playing an online casino. In addition to these benefits, online casinos have many more games to offer than traditional brick and mortar casinos.

Rules

If you’re playing online casino games, you’ll probably encounter some house rules. These are general rules for a casino, but you might also find some rules that are specific to a certain online casino. For example, not touching other players’ chips or using insults is prohibited in some casinos. These are some of the most important rules to follow while playing casino games online. Below is a breakdown of these house rules. Know the basics to win more often.

The first rule of casino online gaming is that you must be at least eighteen years old to play. This rule is especially important if you’re a minor. There’s no heavies to drag you out of the casino if you’re a minor. The next rule of online casino gaming involves the age limit. No player under the age of eighteen years old should play at an online casino.

Payment options

There are several payment methods for casino online play, including credit cards, debit cards, and e-wallets. Debit cards and credit cards are the two most popular forms of payment in the Western world. E-wallets are increasingly popular in Asia, and many Asian online casinos also accept them. It is important to check the payment options before making a deposit, though, since the policies of credit card companies often differ from those of the casino website.

The History of the Lottery and Its Tax Implications

lottery

The American lottery has a long history. Since its inception, it has been used to fund many projects by the government. From the Battery of Guns in Philadelphia to Faneuil Hall in Boston, many of these projects have been funded by lottery tickets. However, there are some things that you should know about the lottery before you play. This article discusses the history of the lottery and its tax implications. After you have read this article, you should be well-equipped to play the lottery with confidence.

Chance

While the odds of winning the lottery are high, your chances of achieving financial freedom are slim. Although winning the lottery can be a great way to boost your confidence and make new plans, it won’t change your financial habits. If anything, it will make you more likely to experience “lifestyle creep” and try to keep up with your new set of Joneses. For example, you might have made plans to save more when you were making minimum wage, pay off your debt, and live more when you were earning $50,000, but then stumbled upon your newfound wealth and began chasing after it.

Odds

Although winning the lottery is extremely unlikely, the entertainment value is very high. Powerball’s jackpot is worth $390 million, and if you match five of the six numbers, you could win. But even with these huge odds, you should still be skeptical. These numbers are based on a variety of sources, and should be taken with a pinch of salt. If you’re thinking of playing the lottery, here are some tips that can help you increase your odds of winning.

Syndicates

Syndicates in lottery are groups of players who collectively buy tickets for a lotto game. By purchasing multiple tickets, the group increases its odds of winning and shares the prize money. In exchange for their common efforts, lottery players can increase their chances of winning. In this article, we’ll look at some of the advantages of joining a lottery syndicate. Read on to find out how you can start winning today! Here’s a quick overview of how syndicates work.

Taxes on winnings

While it is rare for someone to win the lottery and immediately lose their shirt, it is still possible to wind up in a higher tax bracket. If you are lucky enough to win a big jackpot, you might be surprised to learn that New York taxes lottery winnings at different rates. In Yonkers, for example, the city taxes your winnings at 1.477%, while the state taxes them at 8.82%.

Social aspects

Lotteries promote fairness by using randomness in their distribution. Moreover, they have social risks. Fair lotteries must provide good reasons to losers beyond the equal ex ante chances, such as a true statement of the form. This requirement eliminates many lotteries based on epistemic probability. This study provides evidence that lotteries can increase degree completion rates. In addition, lottery-based incentives can be inexpensive and highly engaging.

What You Need to Know About Poker Rules

poker

There are many things that you need to know about poker rules. This includes betting intervals, blind bets, and limits. Here are some of the most common poker rules:

Rules

The basic rules of poker are fairly simple. During a poker game, a player may check, which means he or she will not place a bet, or they may “raise,” which means to raise the amount of money they’ve bet. If a player’s hand is not good enough to win, they must “fold,” which means to withdraw from the table. A player may also “check” by tapping the table or making similar motions. All other bets must be placed into the pot.

Betting intervals

In many poker games, the length of the betting interval varies according to the game’s rules. Typically, the first player to act must place a bet and all players to his or her left must raise proportionately to the last player’s contribution. After that, each player has the option of checking their hand or raising, and if the hand is weak, players can fold. Depending on the game, the betting intervals for poker may last two, five, or ten chips.

Blind bets

Blind bets in poker are forced bets in which a player initiates the action on the first round of betting. This button is passed around the table with each deal to ensure that all players have the opportunity to place a blind bet. There are two types of blind bets: small blinds and big blinds. Small blinds are half of the minimum bet, while big blinds are double that amount. Blind intervals vary, depending on the table size and game speed, but typically last from 15 to 20 minutes.

Limits

When you first start playing poker, you may feel like a fish out of water. There are different betting limits, and you may have to adjust your strategy accordingly. There are four basic types of poker betting limits: no limit, pot limit, big bet limit, and spread-limit. While the specific rules of each game may vary, they generally follow a basic pattern. Limits in poker can make it difficult to find the best strategy for a given game, but learning how to play in a different limit can help you find success in any game.

Bluffing

While you should be aware of how to spot a bluff, there are also certain situations where you should not bluff. Players with real value hands will often bet small amounts of chips in order to increase the pot size. On the other hand, players who are bluffing will bet higher values of chips in order to intimidate their opponents and reduce their stack size. Therefore, it is important to watch for these situations so you can avoid them.

Four-of-a-kind hand

The Four-of-a-Kind is one of the best hands in poker. It is made up of four identical cards of the same rank, and it is often referred to as quads. This hand is not the best, however, and it will almost always be beaten if you’re dealt with a Royal Flush or a Straight Flush. So how does a player make the best Four-of-a-Kind hand in poker?

How Do Random Number Generators Work in Slots?

slot

If you’ve ever played a slot machine, you probably understand the concept of randomness. Since slot machines are random devices, they must pay out a certain percentage of your money if you win. But if you’ve noticed that certain symbols suddenly appear on the screen, you may suspect that an algorithm is at work. These symbols and features appear only after you’ve lost enough money to cover the payout. You can never know for sure, but if you play long enough, you may discover that one or two random symbols appear.

Random number generators

Basically, random number generators are the brain of slot machines. They determine whether a player will win or lose, and they are unaffected by a player’s actions. A slot machine’s hit frequency and payout ratio are predetermined, but the actual number of combinations will vary. The RNG determines how fair a slot machine is. In this article, we’ll look at how RNGs work and how important they are to slot machines.

Bonus features

If you’re looking for a quick boost to your bankroll, bonus features of slot machines can help you win big. They can range from extra free spins to cash prizes and unlimited progressive multipliers, and learning about the different types is essential if you want to maximize your winnings. Bonus features are designed to reward players for playing a particular way, which increases your chances of winning the jackpot. Listed below are some of the most popular bonus features and how they work.

Scatter symbols

The best way to win in slots is by matching scatter symbols. They are easy to match and give players the most rewarding payouts. Scatter symbols can be found in just about any slot machine, including low variance games. The most popular scatter symbols are Quick Hit symbols and moons, which can trigger bonus features and payouts based on the number of symbols in view. The more scatter symbols you get, the higher the potential payouts.

High variance slots

If you have a small bankroll and want to play high variance slots, you’ll want to make sure you have enough to cover your wager. High variance slots can eat up to 200 times your base bet in one hour! In order to determine which games are appropriate for you, consider the RTP, variance, and fun levels of each game. These are all helpful indicators of the games’ potential to reward you for a certain level of effort.

Return to player (RTP)

The return to player (RTP) percentage is a great tool for determining your potential win. It is a statistical indicator of how quickly a slot machine pays out. Many online casinos are required by law to display this number in their games. You can find it by performing a Google search for the game or by browsing through the information section of the website. Here’s a look at the different types of RTP. Listed below are the most popular types of slots.

How to Open a Sportsbook

sportsbook

In order to open a sportsbook, you need to consider several factors. There are several factors you should consider, including the type of sportsbook you want to operate, the length of time to open one, and whether or not your state allows sports betting. In this article, we will look at some of the most important factors to consider when opening a sportsbook. Read on to discover more. You can also learn about legal sports betting in certain states.

Length of time to open a sportsbook

While it can take a lot of money to open a sportsbook, there are certain things that you can do to avoid the hassles. You should never allow customers to place bets on credit, and you should have a growth plan. Once your business is established, you should know how to take bets, process payouts, and hire more staff. Once you know how to run the business, you will have all the information you need to make an informed decision.

Characteristics of a good sportsbook

A good sportsbook should have several desirable characteristics. A sportsbook should be easy to use, with different filter options and numerous betting options. It should also have a rewarding system, where you can win prizes based on your betting habits. All sportsbooks should have these characteristics. If you are a first-time player, look for one that has an attractive welcome bonus or welcome package. You can also look for a sportsbook with several payment options, including a mobile version.

Types of sportsbooks

Sportsbooks come in many different types, and they operate on different principles. Some adjust the odds, while others offer money back on losing bets. It’s important to compare money back offers to find the best sportsbook for your needs. You should also compare the amount of vig that sportsbooks charge on losing bets. It’s essential to find out the differences between each type before making a decision. Read on to learn more about the different types of sportsbooks.

Legalization of sports betting in certain states

Two-thirds of US states have passed legislation to legalize sports betting, with 30 already operating industries. The remaining states will likely pass legislation or hold a referendum to legalize the activity. Several states, like Alabama and Arizona, have no indication of when they will allow sports betting. But many others will be considering legalizing the activity in the future. For now, the only states in the union that have banned sports betting are Nevada, Mississippi, and Delaware.

Cost of setting up a sportsbook

There are several costs associated with setting up a sportsbook. The costs are largely dependent on your requirements. For example, you may want to offer only a small number of sports and no live betting at first. The cost of data and odds are also substantial. In addition, you must understand the industry and decide on your payment methods and markets to cover. You should also be aware of the competition’s activities and what they are doing to stay ahead.

How to Find the Best Casino Online

casino online

A good way to find the best casino online is to look at its footers. They should provide information on licensing, preferred banking methods, and even problem gambling information. Some casinos even feature logos representing different organizations, but check if they are hyperlinked. If they do not work, they aren’t licensed. To make sure they are, read the site’s reviews, and look for the licensing seal. You may also want to check the minimum payout percentage.

Overview of online casinos

When it comes to playing casino games online, you’ve probably heard of the many options available, and it’s easy to see why. But online casinos aren’t all they’re cracked up to be. Legitimate casinos have proper licensing and regulation to ensure fairness. In fact, regulators have expressed concerns that online gambling has become so easy that unscrupulous operators have taken advantage of it. To help you avoid falling victim to such scams, our overviews of online casinos will provide you with information on the different games and signup bonuses available, as well as their security measures.

Signup bonuses

Casino online signup bonuses are free money you can play with when you make your first deposit at an online casino. Sometimes these bonuses come in the form of free spins or real cash. Each bonus has its own terms and conditions and may require you to make a certain number of qualifying deposits to claim the bonus. The best way to decide which casino to play at is to consider the signup bonus amount, as it will be a good guide in choosing the right casino.

Minimum payout percentages

If you’re playing slots, it’s especially important to be aware of minimum payout percentages. These percentages determine how much of your winnings will be returned to you after you’ve won a specific amount of money. Generally, these payout percentages range from seventy-five to ninety-eight percent, but some casinos have even lower minimums than that. In such cases, you’ll want to opt for a site that offers a higher payout percentage, so you can enjoy the thrill of winning.

Payment options

Payment options are an important part of the casino experience, and an online casino should offer a range of different methods. The different methods each have their own upper and lower limits, so it is important to consider the amount of money you will deposit and withdraw before making your choice. Some deposit methods are faster than others, while others may have higher minimums. It is essential to understand the requirements of the various deposit methods, and be aware of the risks and fees involved with each.

History of the Lottery in the United States

A lottery is a game in which people are given the opportunity to win money or other items by drawing lots. While there are several centuries-old records of this practice, lotteries became commonplace in Europe in the late fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The first lottery to be tied to the United States occurred in 1612, when King James I of England created the lottery to help raise funds for the settlement of Jamestown, Virginia. Afterwards, lottery funds were used to support public and private projects and raise money for public works, towns, wars, and colleges.

Information about lotteries in the U.S.

While a modern lottery has only existed for a few decades, American history is full of lotteries. The first lottery was held in 1612 to raise money for the Virginia Company. The lottery’s revenue helped finance the building of the mountain road through Virginia. Many state governments rely on lottery revenues, and pressures to raise revenue are always present. For example, a study in Oregon showed that every state financial crisis coincided with a new form of gambling being legalized. This trend has continued even in modern times.

Legality of lotteries in the U.S.

The Legality of Lotteries in the U.S. is a complicated issue that often comes up during discussions about the federal government’s responsibilities towards gambling. Many states, including Louisiana, have adopted laws to control and regulate lotteries. In Louisiana, for example, a fast food restaurant could create a game in which customers would be rewarded for scratching a tab in their milkshake cup. This tab could be worth free food or money.

Number of states that offer lotteries

The United States has 48 jurisdictions in which to play the lottery. Including the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, it has grown to be one of the most popular forms of lotto playing in the world. While there is no centralized national lottery organization, there are consortiums of state lotteries that organize games that span larger geographic footprints, allowing larger jackpots. The Mega Millions and Powerball are both played almost everywhere and are considered de facto national lotteries.

Major lotteries in the U.S.

Lotteries have been around for centuries. The ancient Greeks and Romans used lotteries to fund public projects. George Washington ran a lottery in the 1760s to finance the construction of Mountain Road, while Benjamin Franklin endorsed lotteries to fund the American Revolution. The Academy Lottery helped John Hancock fund the rebuilding of Faneuil Hall in Boston. The lottery was controversial during the 1820s, when many Americans believed it to be detrimental to the public and a ban was imposed in New York.

State lotteries in the U.S.

In most states, lottery sales have decreased. This is because people are more likely to play the lottery when they are in a bad financial situation, but state officials know this. That is why they don’t shut down state lotteries. According to University of Illinois professor John W. Kindt, the lottery sales increase at times when people are desperate for money. However, these changes don’t necessarily lead to better lottery sales.

Learn the Basic Rules of Poker

poker

If you’re not familiar with the game of poker, here are the basic rules. Also learn about the variations, betting intervals, and ties. Then, master the game of poker and be a master of your game! Here are some tips and tricks to play the game of poker like a pro! Let’s get started! Enjoy! Whether you’re playing for fun or for money, poker is a game that can provide you with a lot of enjoyment!

Basic rules

If you want to master the basic rules of poker, you can study the gameplay to find out what works. Poker is played on a large table with eight to nine players, and the object of the game is to accumulate as many chips as you can from your opponents. If you want to succeed at poker, you must keep a cool demeanor, read the behavior of your opponents, and know the odds. This article will introduce you to poker and the basic rules of the game.

Variations

There are many different types of poker variations. These variations help players learn the rules of the game better and impress others. You can learn Omaha, Lowball, Stud Hi-Lo, and other games by playing online. This way, you can impress friends and family and win more money. Here are some examples of the different poker variations:

Betting intervals

Betting intervals for poker games vary depending on the type of game being played and the number of players. The first player to act places a bet and all players to his left raise their bets in proportion to the previous bet. This cycle continues until the last player remains, and the person with the most chips in the pot is the winner. Betting intervals in poker games typically range from two to ten chips. If there are no betting intervals, the winner of a game is determined by the next move.

Tie hands

A poker tie occurs when two players each have a five-card combination that is the same as another player’s hand. Often, this is a pair of twos or a pair of sevens. Sometimes, certain board textures make ties more likely. Learn the rules of ties in poker and how they affect betting. Tie hands are common in Texas Hold’em, but they can happen in any type of poker game.

High card

In poker, a High Card is the lowest possible poker hand. High cards do not have any other cards that relate to the other five cards. Among the five different high card hands, the highest one is called an ace. The higher one is the winner of a tie and serves as the best high card combination. A pair consists of three cards with the same rank and value. If a pair is not possible, then the highest additional card is used as the high card.

Blind bets

Blind bets are required wagers that a player must make to enter a hand in poker. Blind bets differ from antes, which are small amounts of money that each player contributes to the pot before the flop. Ante rules vary from game to game, but they typically require players to contribute ten to twelve percent of their big blind. In some variations of poker, an ante can even double the pot size. Ante rules are common in cash games such as Omaha and Draw, but they are not the only type of blind bets.

Bluffing

Successful bluffing in poker requires knowledge of your opponent’s image. Players with tight hands are more likely to fold when aggressive bets are placed on them, while loose players will hold onto pocket 4s all the way to the river. While this is a good strategy against weaker opponents, the best bluffs are based on experience and knowledge of the table image. Inexperienced players often throw away a large chunk of their chips when thinking that bottom pair will turn into three of a kind. And when they do call, they will usually continue to do so.

Interesting Facts About Slots

slot

In ice hockey, a slot is a rectangular area of the rink that extends toward the blue line. It is the fourth position in a flying display and is an area that is often referred to as a “slot”. The word slot is derived from the Latin root *sleutana, which is cognate with the German Schloss. The word slot is used in both field hockey and ice hockey. Here are some interesting facts about slots.

Game of chance

The game of chance slot machines are a favorite among players. They can be found in casinos, as well as other places. Unlike some casino games, slot machines do not have any particular history or culture. They are relatively modern, and do not date back to ancient Egypt. They may be associated with the Wild West or the ancient Greeks, but their origins are unknown. Many types of slot machines are available, including those inspired by the Wild West, ancient Greece, or the Wild West.

While many casual gamers start out as casual players, there is a point where they become addicted to this game. They cannot stop playing despite setbacks. They lie about their losses, go into debt, and isolate themselves from social situations. A problem with gambling addiction can even lead to panic attacks and depression. So, what can you do to prevent yourself from developing an addiction to this addictive game? Read on to learn how to avoid becoming another statistic.

Machine with multiple paylines

Modern slot machines feature multiple paylines. Winning depends on matching three or more symbols that appear on adjacent reels. Many modern slot games feature up to forty paylines. In these cases, betting on each payline will increase your bankroll. However, be careful about betting on all paylines, especially if you are playing with real money. Some machines can give you a small win or a huge payout depending on the number of matching symbols.

Multiline slots are more difficult to play. They are not designed for maximum bets and require different amounts of bets on each payline. They can also award higher jackpots or more exciting prizes. When choosing which slot machine to play, read reviews on the game’s features and how it works. You may want to consider one that has a progressive jackpot. Usually, the lowest bet will not award you the jackpot.

Game with bonus rounds

If you’re into slot games, then you’ve probably come across some bonus rounds that seem too good to be true. They’re not – but they are out there! The best way to get your hands on a bonus round is to know what to look for, and then learn the strategies that are most likely to help you activate them. Many bonus rounds can be hard to unlock, but others are simple to perform. The first step to unlocking a bonus round is to learn whether or not the slot game you’re playing has one.

Bonus rounds add a sense of atmosphere and interaction to video slots. Bonus rounds are often state-of-the-art and well-designed, and they can help you boost your bankroll. Bonus rounds may also offer a guaranteed prize. In addition to the bonus rounds, many online slots have bonus rounds. Listed below are a few ways to find a bonus round in a slot game. And don’t forget to check out the paytable!

Game with drop buckets

A slot game with drop buckets is a common electronic gaming machine that collects coins by dropping them into a bottom container. Typically, the coin is wrapped and tagged with the desired dollar value before dropping into the slot machine. The casino department responsible for this type of slot hires members to fill the drop bucket with coins. In addition to the casino’s own coin collection, drop buckets are often used for fundraisers and events.

A slot game with drop buckets is similar to other classic machines that use a spinning mechanism to collect coins. In addition to a traditional paytable, some drop bucket machines feature wild symbols, which can substitute for any other symbol on the reels except the payline. Some slot machines have both progressive and non-progressive jackpots. The latter are fixed amounts that can be won regardless of bet size. Despite their relatively old age, drop bucket machines are still found in many casinos.